Lithography:No wonder the Verdute collection is so extensive...Senefelder was a homeboy!
Printing process that makes use of the immiscibility of grease and water. Aloys Senefelder of Prague (1771 – 1834) exploited the properties of a stone with a calcium carbonate base and a fine, porous surface, and perfected his printing process in 1798. In Senefelder's process, the stone, with a design drawn on it with crayon or greasy ink, was wetted with water; after various etching and protecting steps, it was brushed with oily ink; it retained the ink only on the design. This inked surface was then printed — either directly on paper, by a special press (as in most fine-art printmaking), or onto a rubber cylinder and thence onto paper (as in commercial printing). The method of preparing stones for hand printing, still the lithographic method preferred by artists, has hardly changed.
Monday, January 18, 2010
Wow. Larry left a comment on the "Illustrations from Bohemia" post last night after we signed off, which made me wonder what lithography is, and look: