"REGULATIONS REGARDING SCARLET FEVER
Since a few complaints have been made because the town board allows members of families in which scarlet fever exists, to be about the village, the supervisors have concluded to publish the following regulations adopted by the State Board of Health:
1. The local health officer shall forbid by notices posted upon the entrances to premises where a patient is sick with scarlet fever, any persons except the attending physician, health officer, sanitary inspector, or, in case of death, a licensed embalmer, from going to or leaving such premises without his permission, or the carrying of or causing to be carried, any material whereby such disease may be conveyed, until after the disease has abated and the premises, dwelling and clothing have been rendered free from danger by means of such disinfection and cleansing as the State board of Health may direct. A quarantine card must give the name of the disease and the regulations set forth above.
2. The danger of transmitting scarlet fever by a second to a third person being slight when reasonable precautions are taken, the local health officer may permit those who do not have the direct care of the patient or patients to leave the premises in order to attend to their regular duties except when such individuals are associated with children away from the quarantined house. This applies to teachers or school children in the quarantined house and must exclude such from attending school--public, private, parochial or church--while their home is under quarantine. The patient or patients, and those having charge of same, must be under rigid quarantine as directed in regulation 1".
Scarlet fever (also called scarlatina in an effort to make it sound less scary), was/is caused by the same streptococcus bacteria that causes strep throat. The bacteria "produces a toxin that leads to the hallmark red rash of the illness". "The time between becoming infected and having symptoms is short, generally 1 - 2 days. The illness typically begins with a fever and sore throat", and most often strikes children hardest.