This branch of the Austrian Hesch family is descended from Johann Hesch and his wife Marya (Schlinz) Hesch, who came to America from Oberschlagles, Bohemia with three sons: Paul, Mathias, and Anton. +++Johann & Marya settled in Buffalo County, Wisconsin but moved to Pierz, Mn in about 1885. .+++Mathias settled in Waumandee, Wisconsin and moved to Pierz in 1911. +++Anton never married but farmed with his dad in Agram Township, where he died in 1911.+++And Paul, my great grandfather, settled five miles away, in Buckman, Minnesota. He died there in 1900.

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Wednesday, March 11, 2015

More About the School Problem

(Yes, I flipped this picture to make her
 left-handed ☺ Woohoo).
Here's an excerpt from a book called "They Chose Minnesota: A Survey of the State's Ethnic Groups".  (I've sent for the book but it hasn't arrived yet--this is an excerpt we found online a year or so ago.  I screen capped it because, ok, it's an obsession of mine ☺). I think it skirts the issue, altho this maybe just describes the run-up to Pierz' problems.  Archbishop John Ireland was influential in Minnesota way before he became Arch, and had to do with some of the German/Irish problems mentioned, because there's almost nothing worse than a righteous ethnic Catholic vs. another righteous ethnic Catholic.

"The sizable numbers of German-speaking persons who wanted sermons and schools conducted in their native tongue led to a nationwide controversy during the last quarter of the 19th century. In 1878, Abbot Alexius Edelbrock of St John's Abbey declared the persons "best acquainted with a foreign tongue
should have the advantage of hearing the gospel read, and sermons preached to them, in their own language". Other leaders, most notably Archbishop Ireland of St Paul wanted to "Americanize" the church and thus defend it from what came to be called "Cahenslyism", a plan proposed to Pope Leo XIII in 1891 by Peter Paul Cahensly, which would have organized foreign-born Catholics in the United States into congregations of like nationality served by priests of the same mother tongue. In his Americanization efforts Ireland initiated a takeover by public school boards of parochial schools in Fairbault and Stillwater, perpetrating a dispute that reached all the way to Rome, and persisted for many years in various forms. The archbishop insisted that, while Germans could be taught in parochial schools, English should be spoken in general so that the faith of the children was not restricted to the non-English tongue of their parents.
The fight was also seen as one between liberals and conservatives. In Minnesota it widened the rift between Irish and German Catholics. In Stearns County the opposition to English in churches and parochial schools was stronger in rural areas than it was in St Cloud. In the church schools children were taught half in
German and half in English, usually by sisters of German birth or descent. The readers used were printed in high German, as were such newspapers as Der Nordstern (The North Star) of St Cloud, and Der Wanderer (The Migrant) of
St Paul, which many parents read. The problem was further complicated by....."

NOT by dialects--it had to do with the state wanting schools one way, and the local Catholics wanting it another way.  It's a chapter of our history that's almost never mentioned, or it's glossed over, like in the excerpt.  Sigh.

(Maybe once the book arrives, I'll change this post, huh?  We can make this controversy drag out for another hundert years, mebee! ☺)

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